Thursday, December 29, 2011

2012: the international Alan Turing Year

                                                              Statue of Alan Turing at Bletchley Park

2012 is the international Alan Turing Year, because of the 100th birthday of Alan Turing (1912-1954), the spiritual father of the computer and of artificial intelligence. Click here to get an overview of all the activities worldwide during the Alan Turing Year.

The best online information about Turing's life and work can be found on the website of Turing-biographer Andrew Hodges.

Celebrating Turing’s 100th birthday I have written a popular science book called Turing’s Tango. The book will be published by the Dutch publisher Nieuw Amsterdam in March 2012. (I am going to look for a publisher who is willing to publish an English version of my book. So, if there is a publisher who is interested, please let me know...) 

Turing’s Tango is devoted to the quest for artificial intelligence, a quest that started with Alan Turing in 1950. In my book I evaluate what has become of Turing’s dreams, interweaving this story with the story about Turing’s life and work.

Turing’s Tango is the first journalistic account of the century old quest for artificial intelligence, for machines that can think like man and robots that can act like man. Whereas many people think that computers and robots will surpass man, this book shows that man will stay in charge. In short: Computer intelligence will never exceed human intelligence, because computers don’t descend from the apes.

The dream of Artificial Intelligence in the 50's and 60's can be seen in the best science fiction film ever: '2001 - A Space Odyssey': the conscious computer HAL 9000. However, artificial intelligence has turned out to be very different from human intelligence. We do have Google, we do have automatic pilots, we do have great data mining software, we have excellent robots in the industry and on Mars, but automatic image recognition is still very far away from what humans can do, and the best selling household robot, Roomba, is still far away from the dreams of the 50's:

Human intelligence is as much determined by social and emotion intelligence as by cognitive intelligence. And, alas, because computers don't participate in our human way of living, and because they don't descend from the apes, they will never reach our human intelligence.

Computers are much better than man in memory, precision, calculating and data mining. They never get tired and they don't get psychological problems. But humans are much better in learning, pattern recognition and -interpretation (such as image recognition), cognition rooted in the body, social-emotional intelligence, dealing with vagueness and ambiguities, multifunctionality and creativity.

Because of the fact that machine intelligence is still very different from human intelligence, I reason in my book that man should look for the optimal cooperation between man and computer. This is what I call the Turing Tango. I reason that we should replace the Turing Test with the Turing Tango: Farewell Turing Test - Welcome Turing Tango!

For my book I have interviewed a wide range of scientists, among them philosopher Daniel Dennett, inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil, MIT-roboticist Nicholas Roy and the neuroscientists Christoph Koch and Henry Markram. The book also contains an extensive time line of Alan Turing's life and work and of the most important developments in artificial intelligence.

I will give talks about Alan Turing and about my book at two Turing-conference in The Netherlands:
Turing's Legacy on March 7, 2012 (Jaarbeurs, Utrecht) and on October 5, 2012 (OBA, Amsterdam - Organised by the Nederlandse Vereniging voor Logica).

Also in March 2012 an excellent scientific book will appear: Alan Turing - His work and impact, edited by S Barry Cooper and the Dutch computer scientist Jan van Leeuwen. 

The book contains a collection of all of Turing's scientific papers with comments from contempary computer scientists, mathematicians, logicians and philosophers, such as Stephen Wolfram, Gregory Chaitin, Douglas Hofstadter, Daniel Dennett, Rodney Brooks and the Dutch scientists Paul Vitanyi and Henk Barendregt.

Channel 4 has made a drama-documentary about Alan Turing. Here you can watch the teaser:

Read here my previous blog contributions devoted (partly) to Alan Turing: